“It is a great promise concerning the person of Christ, as he was to be given unto the church, (for he was a child born, a son given unto us, Isa. ix. 6,) that God would “lay him in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone, a sure foundation,” whereon “he that believeth shall not make haste:” Isa. xxviii. 16. Yet was it also foretold concerning him, that this precious foundation should be “for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence, to both the houses of Israel; for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem;” so as that “many among them should stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken: ” Isa. viii. 14, 15. According unto this promise and prediction it hath fallen out in all ages of the church: as the apostle Peter declares concerning the first of them. “Wherefore also,” saith he, “it is contained in the Scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief conrner-stone, elect, precious; and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe, he is precious; but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner , and a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: where unto also they were appointed:” 1 Peter 2:6-8
Unto them that believe unto the saving of the soul, he is, he always hath been, precious — the sun, the rock the life, the bread of their souls — everything that is good, useful, amiable, desirable, here or unto eternity. In, from, and by him, is all their spiritual and eternal life, light, power, growth, consolation, and joy here; with everlasting salvation hereafter. By him alone do they desire, expect, and obtain deliverance from that woful apostasy from God, which accompanied with — which containeth in it virtually and meritoriously — whatever is evil, noxious, and destructive unto our nature, and which, without relief, will issue in eternal misery. By him are they brought into the nearest cognation, alliance, and friendship with God, the firmest union unto him, and the most holy communion with him, that our finite natures are capable of, and so conducted unto the eternal enjoyment of him. For in him “shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory:” (Isa. xlv. 25;) for “Israel shall be saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation;” they shall not be ashamed nor confounded, would without end:” verse 17.
– John Owen, The Works of John Owen, vol. 1 (ed. W.H. Goold; Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1850-53/2013), 3-4.